Tag Archives: yum

SABnzbd Installation for CentOS 7.x

Introduction

SABnzbd is a versatile tool written in Python specifically designed to take an NZB-File as input and then retrieve all of the content defined inside of it for you automatically. Recently there have been new improvements with SABnzbd in the past few releases. So I thought I’d share a working out of the box solution using RPMs. In addition to this, I’ve packaged up my notification script I wrote which can further enhance this great product.

SABnzbd and Usenet

First off; lets summarize Usenet for those who don’t use it or aren’t already familiar with it. In the simplest terms: Usenet is a great big fucking mess; a total disaster. It’s basically a location where literally anyone with access to it can post/upload all they want at their free will anonymously. Don’t get me wrong; this is cool too because it’s basically one very large hard drive without anyone telling you what you can and can’t place onto it. Seriously though, just consider for a second what your computer would look like if you allowed absolutely anyone who has access to the internet to upload content freely and without rules to it. You’d probably run out of hard disk space quickly; and you’ll be left with a lot of content everywhere. Well; that’s exactly what Usenet is (greatly simplified); it’s one large centralized location filled with petabytes of data. The thing with Usenet though is… it isn’t, and won’t be running out of disk space anytime soon.

The good news is, (thankfully) people sift through the heaps of information constantly being posted (onto Usenet) using automated tools regularly. These tools that do the sifting are generally known as Indexers. I talk more about this in another blog I wrote here a while back. But basically whenever an Indexer finds some useful data, it records the location as to where it was found. Indexers record this information in a special file call an NZB-File. NZB-Files are effectively treasure maps containing the coordinates on Usenet to which a specific piece of data can be located at.

NZB-Files are like Treasure Maps

NZB-Files are like Treasure Maps

It should be known that if you’re planning on posting/uploading stuff to Usenet yourself (for backup purposes or what have you), most (good) software will generate you an NZB-File afterwards allowing you to retrieve your data back again later on.

Now lets throw SABnzbd into the picture because it specifically is designed to retrieve content based on an NZB-File it’s provided. The process looks a little like this:

SABnzbd Download Process

SABnzbd Download Process

  1. Acquire NZB-File: Presumably you already have it because you’re just trying to retrieve data you posted in the past. But alternatively, the NZB-File could have also been acquired from and Indexer too.
  2. Give SABnzbd Access to NZB-File: You simply hand off your treasure map to the application who’s actually going to go out there and get the content for you.

    This is truly the bread and butter of SABnzbd. The next set of steps identified below are all fully automated (and done behind the scenes) for you. They require nothing from you, but it’s worth explaining it for those who are interested.

  3. SABnzbd Establishes a Connection to Usenet: The catch with SABnzbd is it’s merely a vessel for fetching the data. You need to have provided it access to Usenet to which it will fetch this data from. Thus SABnzbd must (obviously) connect to a Usenet provider in order to retrieve data from Usenet itself. This step is put in place to make sure you’ve got yourself an account with a provider!
  4. SABnzbd Downloads Content: Segment by segment, each portion of your data is downloaded and re-assembled. There are lots of additional things that go on too such as making sure the data isn’t damaged and attempting to correct it (all automatic) if it is.
  5. SABnzbd Saves Data:If all goes well; and in most circumstances it will. You will have all of the content successfully retrieved at this point!

SABnzbd has tons of automation built into it; I’m really just focusing on the basics here to get you going.

I Want To Try It

Of course you do! So here’s the thing; if you’ve already connected to my repository here, you can get it by simply typing the following:

# Download and install SABnzbd plus the Notification Addon
# on CentOS 7.x using the nuxref repositories located
# here: http://nuxref.com/repo/
yum install -y --enablerepo=nuxref \
               --enablerepo=nuxref-shared \
               sabnzbd sabnzbd-script-notify

You can also just visit the location I host these packages directly (via my repository) here and download the RPMs for yourself:

Note: I provided the source rpms optionally; they are not required unless you want to build this for yourself from scratch.

SABnzbd Environment

It’s worth giving you a quick rundown of how the RPM installs itself upon your computer: First off, it creates a general user/group called sabnzbd. By default this is the user/group it will run as. To grant a user access to all of the content retrieved by SABnzbd, you can just add yourself to the sabnzbd group:

# as root; we can add ourselves to the sabnzbd group
usermod -a -G sabnzbd myuserid

# Note: if this user is logged in, they will have to log out and log
#       back in to have these new security credentials noticed. 

You can start it up with the command:

# as root; start up SABnzbd:
systemctl start sabnzbd.service

You’ll be able to access the web page through your browser by punching in http://localhost:9080.

You can set it up to survive reboots with the following command:

# as root; start up SABnzbd when the machine is first
# powered on:
systemctl enable sabnzbd.service
  • All of your log files will show up in /var/log/sabnzbd/sabnzbd.log
  • All of configuration will get written to /etc/sabnzbd/sabnzbd.conf
  • All of the variable data (file processing, etc) will be located in /var/lib/sabnzbd/*. In fact this is a very important directory because unless you configure things differently, all downloaded content will appear in /var/lib/sabnzbd/complete.

Firewall Configuration

The package will provide you the files needed to set up the firewall and make SABnzbd available to you from other stations by simply doing the following:

# as root; start up SABnzbd when the machine is first
# powered on (assuming your network is set up to the `home` zone
firewall-cmd --zone=home --add-service sabnzbd --permanent

# Now reload your firewall to take on the new change:
firewall-cmd --reload

SABnzbd Notifications

SABnzbd can keep you posted on what it’s doing by sending you emails when a download completes (or fails). It can send you an notification on Pushbullet, and a few others too.

If you want to use the Notify script I wrote, you’re already almost set up and ready to go because it’s in the sabnzbd-script-notify rpm you already installed.

To enable it, you simply need to need to access the Notifications tab from within the SABnzbd Configuration section.

SABnzbd Notification Setup

SABnzbd Notification Setup

  1. Select the Enable notification script checkbox
  2. Select the Notify.py script from the dropdown list next to the Script category
  3. Next to the Parameter category, you must specify the URL(s) identifying which service(s) you want to notify.

    Depending on what you want plan on alerting, the URL(s) you specify in the Parameter field will vary. You can get a better understanding of the URL options supported here.

Credit

This blog took me a very long time to put together and test! The repository hosting alone accommodates all my blog entries up to this date. If you like what you see and wish to copy and paste this HOWTO, please reference back to this blog post at the very least. It’s really all I ask.

Special thanks to Safihre for reaching out to me and allowing me to contribute to their product with the notification add-on.

Sources

Repository Hosting

Hosting Your Own RPM Repository

Introduction

There are lots of reasons why you might want to host your own RPM repository. A few reasons up front:

  • Speed: Performing a yum (or dnf) update from one of your locally hosted repositories is much faster than checking the ones on the internet!
  • Cost: If you run a business, then you know bandwidth can be expensive. If Linux is the operating system your developers and/or employees use, then hosting the repository internally means they won’t waste bandwidth each time one of them performs a system update. You’ll have downloaded everything once, and provided a central controlled share point they can apply all of their updates from.
  • Retention: Over time, your successfully deployed systems will age and the packages that were once readily available for it may be a lot harder to acquire! Sometimes it’s a good thing to create and manage your own internal repository so that you always have access to the exact RPMs you used to deploy/create your development environment with. This is especially the case for that one rare day that arises requiring you to go back and debug a legacy system of yours. If the packages are already available to you locally; you should have no problem reproducing any detected problems since you’ll be able to reconstruct their environment exactly.
  • Mock: I love this tool; mock allows you to dynamically generate different distributions of CentOS/Fedora (new and old) allowing you to build your applications to test them in it. You simply create a mock environment of the distribution of interest. In this new environment, you can do whatever it was you wanted to, then you can easily blow it away when you’re done. The best part about mock is that it allows you to build/test things without hauling in all of the development libraries into your native working environment. Quite frankly, I couldn’t have hosted or tested half of the things I do in all my blogs and my repository without it. Mock generates it’s ‘throw/away’ environments by connection to a yum repository and setting itself up. If you host your own repositories, it can greatly speed up this process.
  • Consistency: If everyone in your department were to reference the same rpm repository instead of one of the hundreds of mirrors available on the internet, you would consistently be hosting and sharing the same packages internally with your team. This is fantastic in a software development environment where everyone should be using the same packages anyway. This isn’t to say that all public CentOS mirrors are different, but they do go up and down from time to time. They also all synchronize themselves with whatever the latest and greatest at different times too.
  • Mirrors: Even if you just host your own mirror publicly, you’d be doing the Linux community good! You’d become another server of the hundreds already out there providing a source for free software! Your efforts would offload network congestion others face and speed up everyone’s Linux experience.
  • Custom Media: Hosting your own RPM packages can grant you the power to build your own custom media. You can accomplish the same task without hosting internally, but it’s much (,much) slower! This will make for a great topic in another blog though since this process is a topic of it’s own. I do however explain how to host your own custom repositories in this blog though!

Local Hosting Environment

The whole hosting process will take up some disk-space… 150GB or so if you decide to host everything I identify here. Nothing major, but worth noting for those with smaller disk drives.

The first thing you need to do is decide where you’ll host everything from. I will use the following directories for this blog entry:

Directory Details
/var/share/repo The location we’ll host the repository from.
/var/share/isos The location we’ll store our ISO image files in.

First let’s make sure our directories exist:

# Repository data will go here: /var/share/repo
[ ! -d /var/share/repo ] && \
   mkdir -p var/share/repo

# ISOs downloaded/kept will go here: /var/share/isos
[ ! -d /var/share/isos ] && \
   mkdir -p var/share/isos

You’ll want to have the following tools on hand as well if you plan on hosting your own repositories:

# Mirroring tools
yum install -y rsync lftp

# Repository management tools
yum install -y createrepo yum-utils find

Repository Hosting

The next few sections focus on the following repositories; you may or may not need them all. So feel free to just use what you need.

Distribution 64-Bit 32-Bit
CentOS 5.11 x86_64 i386
CentOS 6.8 x86_64 i386
CentOS 7.2 x86_64 n/a

Note: The blog utilizes the lftp tool for all of the synchronization, but the rsync command is also documented in the comments if you prefer that route as well. It’s also worth noting that you can re-run these mirror commands again and again to keep your local repository updated with the latest.

CentOS 5.11

64-bit

# Change to our ISO directory
pushd /var/share/isos

wget http://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/centos/5.11/isos/x86_64/CentOS-5.11-x86_64-bin-DVD-1of2.iso \
   -O /var/share/isos/CentOS-5.11-x86_64-DVD1.iso
wget http://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/centos/5.11/isos/x86_64/CentOS-5.11-x86_64-bin-DVD-2of2.iso \
   -O /var/share/isos/CentOS-5.11-x86_64-DVD2.iso

# Create temporary directories to work in
mkdir dvd1
mkdir dvd2

# Mount it
mount -o loop,ro CentOS-5.11-x86_64-DVD1.iso dvd1
mount -o loop,ro CentOS-5.11-x86_64-DVD2.iso dvd2

# CentOS Base Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/x86_64/os ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/x86_64/os

# CentOS Updates Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/x86_64/updates ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/x86_64/updates

# CentOS Extras Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/x86_64/extras ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/x86_64/extras

# Setup EPEL location
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/5/x86_64/epel ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/5/x86_64/epel

# Create a fixed link to newest repo
pushd /var/share/repo/centos/5/x86_64
ln -snf ../../5.11/x86_64/os os
ln -snf ../../5.11/x86_64/updates updates
ln -snf ../../5.11/x86_64/extras extras
popd

# Set up other repositories
pushd /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/x86_64
ln -snf ../../5/x86_64/epel epel
popd

# Mirror repository
rsync -av --ignore-existing dvd1/ /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/x86_64/os/
rsync -av --ignore-existing dvd2/CentOS/ /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/x86_64/os/Packages/
 
# Cleanup
umount dvd1
umount dvd2
rmdir dvd1
rmdir dvd2
popd

# Mirror (5.11) Updates
# In the future you can run these commands again and again to update your repository
# Updates: (see https://www.centos.org/download/mirrors/ for list of servers)
# rsync -av --ignore-existing rsync://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/centos/5.11/updates/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/x86_64/updates/
# or via lftp:
lftp mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca -e "mirror --verbose /centos/5.11/updates/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/x86_64/updates"

# Mirror (5.11) Updates
# In the future you can run these commands again and again to update your repository
# Updates: (see https://www.centos.org/download/mirrors/ for list of servers)
# rsync -av --ignore-existing rsync://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/centos/5.11/extras/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/x86_64/extras/
# or via lftp:
lftp mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca -e "mirror --verbose /centos/5.11/extras/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/x86_64/extras"

# EPEL: (see https://admin.fedoraproject.org/mirrormanager/mirrors/EPEL/5 for list of servers)
# In the future you can run these commands again and again to update your repository
# rsync -av --ignore-existing rsync://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/fedora-enchilada/epel/6/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/5/x86_64/epel/
# or via lftp:
lftp mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca -e "mirror --verbose /fedora/epel/5/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/5/x86_64/epel"

32-bit

# Change to our ISO directory
pushd /var/share/isos

wget http://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/centos/5.11/isos/i386/CentOS-5.11-i386-bin-DVD-1of2.iso \
   -O /var/share/isos/CentOS-5.11-i386-DVD1.iso
wget http://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/centos/5.11/isos/i386/CentOS-5.11-i386-bin-DVD-2of2.iso \
   -O /var/share/isos/CentOS-5.11-i386-DVD2.iso

# Create temporary directories to work in
mkdir dvd1
mkdir dvd2

# Mount it
mount -o loop,ro CentOS-5.11-i386-DVD1.iso dvd1
mount -o loop,ro CentOS-5.11-i386-DVD2.iso dvd2

# CentOS Base Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/i386/os ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/i386/os

# CentOS Updates Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/i386/updates ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/i386/updates

# CentOS Extras Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/i386/extras ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/i386/extras

# Setup EPEL Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/5/i386/epel ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/5/i386/epel

# Create a fixed link to newest repo
pushd /var/share/repo/centos/5/i386
ln -snf ../../5.11/i386/os os
ln -snf ../../5.11/i386/updates updates
ln -snf ../../5.11/i386/extras extras
popd

# Set up other repositories
pushd /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/i386
ln -snf ../../5/i386/epel epel
popd

# Mirror repository
rsync -av --ignore-existing dvd1/ /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/i386/os/
rsync -av --ignore-existing dvd2/CentOS/ /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/i386/os/Packages/
 
# Cleanup
umount dvd1
umount dvd2
rmdir dvd1
rmdir dvd2
popd

# Mirror (5.11) Updates
# In the future you can run these commands again and again to update your repository
# Updates: (see https://www.centos.org/download/mirrors/ for list of servers)
# rsync -av --ignore-existing rsync://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/centos/5.11/updates/i386/ /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/i386/updates/
# or via lftp:
lftp mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca -e "mirror --verbose /centos/5.11/updates/i386/ /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/i386/updates"

# Mirror (5.11) Extras
# In the future you can run these commands again and again to update your repository
# Updates: (see https://www.centos.org/download/mirrors/ for list of servers)
# rsync -av --ignore-existing rsync://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/centos/5.11/extras/i386/ /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/i386/extras/
# or via lftp:
lftp mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca -e "mirror --verbose /centos/5.11/extras/i386/ /var/share/repo/centos/5.11/i386/extras"

# EPEL: (see https://admin.fedoraproject.org/mirrormanager/mirrors/EPEL/5 for list of servers)
# In the future you can run these commands again and again to update your repository
# rsync -av --ignore-existing rsync://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/fedora-enchilada/epel/6/i386/ /var/share/repo/centos/5/i386/epel/
# or via lftp:
lftp mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca -e "mirror --verbose /fedora/epel/5/i386/ /var/share/repo/centos/5/i386/epel"

CentOS 6.8

64-bit

# Change to our ISO directory
pushd /var/share/isos

wget http://mirror.its.dal.ca/centos/6.8/isos/x86_64/CentOS-6.8-x86_64-bin-DVD1.iso \
   -O /var/share/isos/CentOS-6.8-x86_64-DVD1.iso
wget http://mirror.its.dal.ca/centos/6.8/isos/x86_64/CentOS-6.8-x86_64-bin-DVD2.iso \
   -O /var/share/isos/CentOS-6.8-x86_64-DVD2.iso

# Create temporary directories to work in
mkdir dvd1
mkdir dvd2

# Mount it
mount -o loop,ro CentOS-6.8-x86_64-DVD1.iso dvd1
mount -o loop,ro CentOS-6.8-x86_64-DVD2.iso dvd2

# CentOS Base Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/x86_64/os ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/x86_64/os

# CentOS Updates Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/x86_64/updates ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/x86_64/updates

# CentOS Extras Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/x86_64/extras ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/x86_64/extras

# Setup EPEL location
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/6/x86_64/epel ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/6/x86_64/epel

# Create a fixed link to newest repo
pushd /var/share/repo/centos/6/x86_64
ln -snf ../../6.8/x86_64/os os
ln -snf ../../6.8/x86_64/updates updates
ln -snf ../../6.8/x86_64/extras extras
popd

# EPEL Repository Mirror
pushd /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/x86_64
ln -snf ../../6/x86_64/epel epel
popd

# Mirror repository
rsync -av --ignore-existing dvd1/ /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/x86_64/os/
rsync -av --ignore-existing dvd2/Packages/ /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/x86_64/os/Packages/

# Cleanup
umount dvd1
umount dvd2
rmdir dvd1
rmdir dvd2
popd

# Mirror (6.8) Updates
# In the future you can run these commands again and again to update your repository
# Updates: (see https://www.centos.org/download/mirrors/ for list of servers)
# rsync -av --ignore-existing rsync://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/centos/6.8/updates/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/x86_64/updates/
# or via lftp:
lftp mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca -e "mirror --verbose /centos/6.8/updates/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/x86_64/updates"

# Mirror (6.8) Extras
# In the future you can run these commands again and again to update your repository
# Updates: (see https://www.centos.org/download/mirrors/ for list of servers)
# rsync -av --ignore-existing rsync://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/centos/6.8/extras/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/x86_64/extras/
# or via lftp:
lftp mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca -e "mirror --verbose /centos/6.8/extras/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/x86_64/extras"

# EPEL: (see https://admin.fedoraproject.org/mirrormanager/mirrors/EPEL/6 for list of servers)
# In the future you can run these commands again and again to update your repository
# rsync -av --ignore-existing rsync://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/fedora-enchilada/epel/6/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/6/x86_64/epel/
# or via lftp:
lftp mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca -e "mirror --verbose /fedora/epel/6/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/6/x86_64/epel"

32-bit

# Change to our ISO directory
pushd /var/share/isos

wget http://mirror.its.dal.ca/centos/6.8/isos/i386/CentOS-6.8-i386-bin-DVD1.iso \
   -O /var/share/isos/CentOS-6.8-i386-DVD1.iso
wget http://mirror.its.dal.ca/centos/6.8/isos/i386/CentOS-6.8-i386-bin-DVD2.iso \
   -O /var/share/isos/CentOS-6.8-i386-DVD2.iso

# Create temporary directories to work in
mkdir dvd1
mkdir dvd2

# Mount it
mount -o loop,ro CentOS-6.8-i386-DVD1.iso dvd1
mount -o loop,ro CentOS-6.8-i386-DVD2.iso dvd2

# CentOS Base Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/i386/os ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/i386/os

# CentOS Updates Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/i386/updates ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/i386/updates

# CentOS Extras Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/i386/extras ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/i386/extras

# EPEL Repository Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/6/i386/epel ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/6/i386/epel

# Create a fixed link to newest repo
pushd /var/share/repo/centos/6/i386
ln -snf ../../6.8/i386/os os
ln -snf ../../6.8/i386/updates updates
ln -snf ../../6.8/i386/extras extras
popd

# Set up other repositories
pushd /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/i386
ln -snf ../../6/i386/epel epel
popd

# Mirror repository
rsync -av --ignore-existing dvd1/ /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/i386/os/
rsync -av --ignore-existing dvd2/Packages/ /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/i386/os/Packages/

# Cleanup
umount dvd1
umount dvd2
rmdir dvd1
rmdir dvd2
popd

# Mirror (6.8) Updates
# In the future you can run these commands again and again to update your repository
# Updates: (see https://www.centos.org/download/mirrors/ for list of servers)
# rsync -av --ignore-existing rsync://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/centos/6.8/updates/i386/ /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/i386/updates/
# or via lftp:
lftp mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca -e "mirror --verbose /centos/6.8/updates/i386/ /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/i386/updates"

# Mirror (6.8) Extras
# In the future you can run these commands again and again to update your repository
# Updates: (see https://www.centos.org/download/mirrors/ for list of servers)
# rsync -av --ignore-existing rsync://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/centos/6.8/extras/i386/ /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/i386/extras/
# or via lftp:
lftp mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca -e "mirror --verbose /centos/6.8/extras/i386/ /var/share/repo/centos/6.8/i386/extras"

# EPEL: (see https://admin.fedoraproject.org/mirrormanager/mirrors/EPEL/6 for list of servers)
# In the future you can run these commands again and again to update your repository
# rsync -av --ignore-existing rsync://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/fedora-enchilada/epel/6/i386/ /var/share/repo/centos/6/i386/epel/
# or via lftp:
lftp mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca -e "mirror --verbose /fedora/epel/6/i386/ /var/share/repo/centos/6/i386/epel"

CentOS 7.2

64-bit

# Change to our ISO directory
pushd /var/share/isos

# CentOS 7.2
[ ! -d /var/share/isos/ ] && mkdir -p /var/share/isos/
wget http://mirror.its.dal.ca/centos/7.2.1511/isos/x86_64/CentOS-7-x86_64-Everything-1511.iso \
   -O /var/share/isos/CentOS-7.2.1511-x86_64-Everything.iso

# CentOS Base Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/7.2/x86_64/os ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/7.2/x86_64/os

# CentOS Updates Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/7.2/x86_64/updates ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/7.2/x86_64/updates

# CentOS Extras Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/7.2/x86_64/extras ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/7.2/x86_64/extras

# EPEL Repository Mirror
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/7/x86_64/epel ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/7/x86_64/epel

# Create a fixed link to newest repo
pushd /var/share/repo/centos/7/x86_64
ln -snf ../../7.2/x86_64/os os
ln -snf ../../7.2/x86_64/updates updates
ln -snf ../../7.2/x86_64/extras extras
popd

# Set up other repositories
pushd /var/share/repo/centos/7.2/x86_64
ln -snf ../../7/x86_64/epel epel
popd

# Mount it
mount -o loop,ro /var/share/isos/CentOS-7.2.1511-x86_64-Everything.iso \
    /var/share/repo/centos/7.2/x86_64/os

# Update our fstab file so we persistently do this on reboots; This saves disk space
sed -i -e '/CentOS-7\.2\.1511-x86_64-Everything\.iso/d' /etc/fstab
echo '/var/share/isos/CentOS-7.2.1511-x86_64-Everything.iso /var/share/repo/centos/7.2/x86_64/os iso9660 loop,ro,auto 0 0' >> /etc/fstab
# If you prefer not to run the above command, you can follow through with the same rsync
# commands identified above and mirror the contents of the iso to disk

# Mirror (7.2) Updates
# In the future you can run these commands again and again to update your repository
# Updates: (see https://www.centos.org/download/mirrors/ for list of servers)
# rsync -av --ignore-existing rsync://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/centos/7.2.1511/updates/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/7.2/x86_64/updates/
# or via lftp:
lftp mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca -e "mirror --verbose /centos/7.2.1511/updates/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/7.2/x86_64/updates"

# Mirror (7.2) Extras
# In the future you can run these commands again and again to update your repository
# EPEL: (see https://www.centos.org/download/mirrors/ for list of servers)
# rsync -av --ignore-existing rsync://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/centos/7.2.1511/extras/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/7.2/x86_64/extras/
# or via lftp:
lftp mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca -e "mirror --verbose /centos/7.2.1511/extras/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/7.2/x86_64/extras"

# Mirror EPEL
# In the future you can run these commands again and again to update your repository
# EPEL: (see https://admin.fedoraproject.org/mirrormanager/mirrors/EPEL/7 for list of servers)
# rsync -av --ignore-existing rsync://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/fedora-enchilada/epel/7/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/7/x86_64/epel/
# or via lftp:
lftp mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca -e "mirror --verbose /fedora/epel/7/x86_64/ /var/share/repo/centos/7/x86_64/epel"

Web Hosting

Once you’ve got your repositories mirrored, you need to host them. Here is the easiest way to do so:
If you’re (planning on) using NginX, then the following will get you going:

# Install nginx (if it's not there already)
yum install nginx -y

# Enable for future reboots
systemctl enable nginx.service

# Start it up
systemctl start nginx.service

cat << _EOF > /etc/nginx/default.d/repo.conf
location /repo/ {
   alias         /var/share/repo/;
   autoindex on;
}
_EOF
# Reload
systemctl reload nginx.service

Now you should be able to access your website by visiting the server you set this up on with /repo as the path. ie: http://localhost/repo

SELinux

Users running SELinux in enforcing mode will want to do the following so that they’re repository can be hosted properly:

# make sure /var/share/repo can host website content without conflicting
# with SELinux
semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_content_t '/var/share/repo(/.*)?'

YUM Repositories

Now we’ll want to update our servers around our office, or maybe just on this PC we’re using to point to our new repositories. Here is probably the easiest way:

# Disable any existing repository setup (the following has
# to be ran as root):
pushd /etc/yum.repo.d/
sed -e 's/^\(enabled\)=.*/\1=0/g' \
   fedora*.repo centos*.repo epel*.repo &>/dev/null
popd

# Set this variable to the ip/host of the machine you set up your
# repository on:
MYREPOADDR=localhost

# Now install our new file:
cat << _EOF > /etc/yum.repo.d/centos.internal.repo
[internal-base]
name=CentOS \$releasever - \$basearch - Base
baseurl=http://$MYREPOADDR/repo/centos/\$releasever/\$basearch/os/
enabled=1
priority=1
gpgcheck=0
skip_if_unavailable=False

[internal-updates]
name=CentOS \$releasever - \$basearch - Updates
failovermethod=priority
baseurl=http://$MYREPOADDR/repo/centos/\$releasever/\$basearch/updates/
enabled=1
priority=1
gpgcheck=0
skip_if_unavailable=True

[internal-extras]
name=CentOS \$releasever - \$basearch - Extras
failovermethod=priority
baseurl=http://$MYREPOADDR/repo/centos/\$releasever/\$basearch/extras/
enabled=1
priority=1
gpgcheck=0
skip_if_unavailable=True

[internal-epel]
name=CentOS \$releasever - \$basearch - Internal EPEL
failovermethod=priority
baseurl=http://$MYREPOADDR/repo/centos/\$releasever/\$basearch/epel/
enabled=1
priority=1
gpgcheck=0
skip_if_unavailable=True
_EOF

You can easily take the examples provided here and alter them for other repositories you wish to host.

Custom Repositories

Perhaps you’re picking and choosing RPMs from a ton of different sources, or you’re building your own. It’s a good idea not to touch the repositories we’re already mirroring. Leave them exactly the way they are. However, you can create your own repository instead that you can place your personal collection of rpms in:

# Lets presume we want to start a custom CentOS 7 (64-bit) repository.
# we'll call it 'custom' for now, but you can call it whatever you want

[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/7/x86_64/custom ] && \
    mkdir -p /var/share/repo/centos/7/x86_64/custom

# Create a fixed link to our repo
pushd /var/share/repo/centos/7.2/x86_64
ln -snf ../../7/x86_64/custom custom
popd

# Okay... now you can drop all the RPMs you want into this custom repository.
# just copy them in; no strings attached.
cp my.awesome.application-1.0.0-1.x86_64.rpm

# The next step is to make the repository accessible by yum
# If you're using dnf, there is no problem, these commands still apply:

# First we want to reset our repodata folder.  This probably won't
# exist the first time you do this, but in the future, when you add
# more rpms into this directory, this will be an essential step:
[ -d /var/share/repo/centos/7/x86_64/custom/repodata ] && \
    rm -rf /var/share/repo/centos/7/x86_64/custom/repodata

# Now lets clean out any duplicate/old RPM entries
# This is optional; it basically looks for 2 RPMs of the same name
# but of different versions and only keeps the newest.  If you like
# hanging on to all of the versions of your software, you don't
# need to run the below command.
repomanage -o /var/share/repo/centos/7/x86_64/custom/repodata | \
   xargs rm -f

The next step requires us to generate a comps file. These are XML files that define details of our repository. You can get complicated and define it yourself if you like, but to make things simple, you can just use this script i wrote which will generate one on the fly based on the directory you specify it to parse:

#!/bin/sh
# Name: updaterepo
# Author: Chris Caron <lead2gold@gmail.com>
# URL: See http://nuxref.com for details
# Description:
#   A simple script for creating a repository directory.
#
# Syntax: updaterepo <path_to_repository_hosting_rpms>
#
REPODIR=$1
if [ -z "$REPODIR" ]; then
   echo "You must specify a repository directory to scan (containing rpms)."
   exit 1
fi

if [ ! -d "$REPODIR" ]; then
   echo "You must specify a repository directory to scan (containing rpms)."
   exit 1
fi

# Ensure we're dealing with absolute paths
pushd $REPODIR &>/dev/null && REPODIR=$(pwd) && popd &>/dev/null

# Some Default Variables; please feel free to change these to
# suit your own needs and package identification. Whatever you
# specify here will become a 'group' as far as yum and dnf are
# concerned allowing you to run (set $ID according):
#   yum groupinstall custom
ID="custom"
NAME="Core"
DESC="Custom Built Packages"

# Generate a comps file for a repository dynamically
COMPSFILE=comps-$ID.xml
COMPSDIR=$REPODIR/repodata
COMPS=$COMPSDIR/$COMPSFILE

# Directory Management
[ -d $COMPSDIR ] && rm -rf $COMPSDIR
[ ! -d $COMPSDIR ] && mkdir -p $COMPSDIR

FILES=$(find -L $REPODIR -mindepth 1 -maxdepth 1 -type f -name "*.rpm" -exec basename {} \;)

   cat << _EOF > "$COMPS"
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE comps PUBLIC "-//REDHAT//DTD Comps info//EN" "comps.dtd">
<comps>
  <group>
    <id>$ID</id>
    <name>$NAME</name>
    <description>$DESC</description>
    <default>True</default>
    <uservisible>True</uservisible>
    <packagelist>
_EOF
for FILE in $FILES; do
   PFILE=$(rpm -qp "$REPODIR/$FILE" --nosignature --queryformat="%{NAME}" 2>/dev/null)
   cat << _EOF >> "$COMPS"
         <packagereq type="default">$PFILE</packagereq>
_EOF
done
cat << _EOF >> "$COMPS"
    </packagelist>
  </group>
  <category>
    <id>$ID</id>
    <name>$NAME</name>
    <display_order>99</display_order>
    <grouplist>
      <groupid>$ID</groupid>
    </grouplist>
  </category>
</comps>
_EOF

# Now rebuild our repo information
createrepo -d -q -g $COMPS $REPODIR

Place the script file above into your /usr/bin directory if you like (called updaterepo) and call it on any directory you want to turn into a repository from then on:

# Make sure our new script is executable
chmod 775 /bin/updaterepo

# Now call it against any directory we want to turn into a repository
[ ! -d /var/share/repo/centos/7/x86_64/custom ] && 
    mkdir -p  /var/share/repo/centos/7/x86_64/custom

# Now we can copy our rpms into this directory at will.
# Then we just need to run this command when we're done to apply
# our changes. This will allow people who are pointing to our
# repository to see these new changes we made and access it via yum/dnf
updaterepo  /var/share/repo/centos/7/x86_64/custom


You're done! Now you can update your <strong>/etc/yum.repos.d/</strong> to include this new location with each yum call you make! Just use the other examples already provided in this blog as a template!

<h1>Mock</h1>
<a href="https://github.com/rpm-software-management/mock/wiki" target="_blank">Mock</a> is a fantastic tool for RPM management.  It's also a great tool for someone who just wants to test and see if they're code will run on another platform.  You could almost think of Mock as a poor man's <a href="https://linuxcontainers.org/" target="_blank">Linux Container</a> which are pretty popular these days.  Mock isn't as contained, but it can accomplish the same feat and is even faster since it doesn't have the (Linux) container overhead.

Mock is set up as follows:

# first install it (as root)
yum install -y mock

# If you followed all of the instructions above, then this will pull mock
# out of your internal epel repository! Nice!

# Now just add your user account you usually use on your system
# (a non-root user).  This user will be granted mock privileges.
# substitute [User name] below with the username you usually use:
usermod -a -G mock [User name]

Just like that' you're now ready to create mock environments. Now by default, mock is configured to fetch it's information from the external repositories on the internet. But it's configuration is really easy to get ahold of and update. Check out the /etc/mock directory.

You can now edit the mock environment you wish to host and optionally update the repositories to point to your own. For example, pick a file like /etc/mock/epel-7-x86_64.cfg which is used to generate a 64-bit Enterprise Linux (RedHat/CentOS) 7.x environment.

You'll see entries like this which will look very familiar (it's a yum/dnf configuration file entry just like the ones identified above). You can comment out the mirrorlist entry and swap it with your own local repository.

...  ...
[base]
name=BaseOS
# comment out the mirrorlist reference:
# mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=7&arch=x86_64&repo=os
# point to our own local repository instead:
baseurl=http://localhost/repo/centos/7/x86_64/os/
failovermethod=priority
gpgkey=file:///usr/share/distribution-gpg-keys/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
gpgcheck=1

[updates]
name=updates
enabled=1
# comment out the mirrorlist reference:
# mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=7&arch=x86_64&repo=updates
# point to our own local repository instead:
baseurl=http://localhost/repo/centos/7/x86_64/updates/
failovermethod=priority
gpgkey=file:///usr/share/distribution-gpg-keys/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
gpgcheck=1

[extras]
name=extras
enabled=1
# comment out the mirrorlist reference:
# mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=7&arch=x86_64&repo=extras
# point to our own local repository instead:
baseurl=http://localhost/repo/centos/7/x86_64/extras/
failovermethod=priority
gpgkey=file:///usr/share/distribution-gpg-keys/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
gpgcheck=1

[epel]
name=epel
# comment out the mirrorlist reference:
# mirrorlist=http://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/mirrorlist?repo=epel-7&arch=x86_64
# point to our own local repository instead:
baseurl=http://localhost/repo/centos/7/x86_64/updates/
failovermethod=priority
gpgkey=file:///usr/share/distribution-gpg-keys/epel/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-7
gpgcheck=1

...  ...

You can also just copy and paste one of the config files to another and change it around. Add repositories, remove some; the config file for mock is really straight forward if you use another as a template.

Mock is pretty straight forward to use. You just need to pass it in the environment you're using with each call you make to it.

# Initialize a Mock Environment of Enterprise Linux 7 (64-bit):
mock -r epel-7-x86_64 --init

# The above command works because a /etc/mock/epel-7-x86_64.cfg file exists.
# mock is relatively quiet and doesn't output a lot of information which can
# sometimes make you unsure if it's actually doing anything.  So it doesn't
# hurt to also get in the habit of adding -v to every single mock action you
# perform.

# You can install RPMs into your mock environment easily with:
mock -v -r epel-7-x86_64 install hostname vi

# The following command will cause us to leave our current native environment
# and access the mock environment (an advanced chroot basically):
mock -v -r epel-7-x86_64 --shell

# Once inside, you can do whatever you want; just press Ctrl-D or type 'exit'
# to return back to your normal environment.

# You can even rebuild a source rpm package from another distribution
# into one you might use.  For example, perhaps you visited pkgs.org and saw
# a newer version of an awesome application available for Fedora 24, but
# can't get it for CentOS 7.  Well you can download the src.rpm file and
# rebuild it using mock:
mock -v -r epel-7-x86_64 --rebuild awesome.application-v2.0.0-1.fc24.src.rpm \
    --resultdir=awesome.app

# I added the --resultdir= on the line above to tell mock that after it rebuilds
# our new RPMs for CentOS 7, it places them into a directory called 'awesome.app'.
# This isn't necessary, but makes it easier to find the RPMs when the build is
# complete.

Credit

If you like what you see and wish to copy and paste this HOWTO, please reference back to this blog post at the very least. It’s really all I ask.

Sources

  • Mock: A fantastic development tool that allows you to dynamically generate a fully functional development environment for a CentOS/Red Hat/Fedora distribution of your choice. It allows you to keep development libraries out of your native (working) environment keeping things clean.
  • Some good repositories worth mirroring (in no particular order):
    • CentOS 5.x, 6.x and 7.x: Here is a list of all of the mirrors you can sync from.
    • Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux (EPEL): CentOS/Red Hat users shouldn't be without this one. It has tons of the building blocks you might need to reconstruct things with.
    • NuxRef: Yes... my repository; I mean why not, right?
    • Fedora: Bleeding edge distributions don't stick around long. After a year or so, you'll be hard-pressed to find RPMs. It might be wise to mirror the distribution you're using if you don't plan on upgrading anytime soon. There is enough information in this blog to mirror a Fedora repository if you want to do so.
Google Play Music Desktop Player

Google Play Music Desktop Player for Linux

Introduction

Google Play Music Desktop Player (GPMDP) is an amazing application. Instead of opening up a browser every time to access your Google Music account (and songs), you can integrate it into your desktop experience instead. One of the best features GPMDP offers is the fact it becomes a standalone application and no longer requires you to have to deal with the memory hogging web browsers (especially Chrome) uses to stream your favorite music!

GPMDP doesn’t stop there though, there are tons of great features it offers that extend the already great functionality Google Music offers! Just to quote directly from their README file:

  • Supports media keys (play, pause, stop, next, previous)
  • last.fm Scrobbling and Now Playing support!
  • Hands free Voice Controls!
  • Desktop notifications on track change
  • A simplistic mini player
  • Customizable Dark theme
  • Smooth scrolling and overlay scrollbars for a nicer user experience.
  • HTML5 Audio Support – No more Adobe Flash Player!
  • Minimize to task bar for background music playing
  • Customizable hotkeys for those who don’t have media keys.
  • Choose your audio output device from within the player.
Google Music Dark Theme

Google Music Dark Theme

I set up this blog because the RPMs distributed from GPMDP’s official website didn’t work for me. So I just ended up repackaging the whole thing and thought I would share my success.

It’s also important to note that this blog assumes you have a subscription to Google Music. If you don’t have one (and don’t intend to get one), then there is no need to read any further. 🙂

Installation

If you are hooked up to my repository, you can upgrade to the latest packages through the following simple command:

  • CentOS (or Red Hat) 7.x:
    # Run as root (or a user with sudoers permission)
    sudo yum -y install --enablrepo=nuxref google-play-music-desktop-player
    
    # Or you can do it manually:
    # I sign everything; so it wouldn't hurt to just grab my key
    rpm --import http://repo.nuxref.com/pub/NUXREF-GPG-KEY
    # Now you can install the player
    rpm -Uhi http://repo.nuxref.com/centos/7/en/x86_64/custom/google-play-music-desktop-player-3.2.1-1.el7.nuxref.x86_64.rpm
    
  • Fedora 22:
    # I sign everything; so it wouldn't hurt to just grab my key
    rpm --import http://repo.nuxref.com/pub/NUXREF-GPG-KEY
    # Now you can install the player
    rpm -Uhi http://repo.nuxref.com/fedora/fc22/en/x86_64/custom/google-play-music-desktop-player-3.2.1-1.fc22.nuxref.x86_64.rpm
    
    
  • Fedora 23:
    # I sign everything; so it wouldn't hurt to just grab my key
    rpm --import http://repo.nuxref.com/pub/NUXREF-GPG-KEY
    # Now you can install the player
    rpm -Uhi http://repo.nuxref.com/fedora/fc23/en/x86_64/custom/google-play-music-desktop-player-3.2.1-1.fc23.nuxref.x86_64.rpm
    
    
  • Fedora 24:
    # I sign everything; so it wouldn't hurt to just grab my key
    rpm --import http://repo.nuxref.com/pub/NUXREF-GPG-KEY
    # Now you can install the player
    rpm -Uhi http://repo.nuxref.com/fedora/fc24/en/x86_64/custom/google-play-music-desktop-player-3.2.1-1.fc24.nuxref.x86_64.rpm
    
    
  • Fedora 25:
    # I sign everything; so it wouldn't hurt to just grab my key
    rpm --import http://repo.nuxref.com/pub/NUXREF-GPG-KEY
    # Now you can install the player
    rpm -Uhi http://repo.nuxref.com/fedora/fc25/en/x86_64/custom/google-play-music-desktop-player-3.2.1-1.fc25.nuxref.x86_64.rpm
    
    

Gnome Media Player Shell Extension

Pair this application with the Gnome Media Player Shell Extension and you’ll allow even get desktop notifications when songs change.

Media Player Gnome Extension

Media Player Gnome Extension

For CentOS / Red Hat 7 users, this extension sometimes does not properly install itself. So to make your life easier, I went ahead and packaged it into it’s own RPM as well. You can install it like so:

# Assuming you're hooked up to my repository, you can
# just easily install it:
sudo yum install --enablerepo=nuxref gnome-shell-extension-mediaplayer

I didn’t forget about the Fedora users either. It’s also in the repository (if you’re hooked up):

# Assuming you're hooked up to my repository, you can
# just easily install it:
sudo dnf install --enablerepo=nuxref gnome-shell-extension-mediaplayer

RPMs

You can also just visit the locations where I posted these RPMs and fetch them manually:

  Google Play Music Desktop Player Gnome Media Player Shell Extension
CentOS/Red Hat 7.x rpm / src rpm / src
Fedora 22 rpm / src rpm / src
Fedora 23 rpm / src rpm / src
Fedora 24 rpm / src rpm / src
Fedora 25 rpm / src rpm / src

Credit

All of the custom packaging in this blog was done by me personally. I took the open source available to me and rebuilt it to make it an easier solution and decided to share it. If you like what you see and wish to copy and paste this HOWTO, please reference back to this blog post at the very least. It’s really all I ask.

Sources